In the famous 1979 Parliament Coup, James Callaghan’s Labour government lost a non confidence motion in the House of Commons by one vote and subsequently was forced to call an early General Election. Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative eventually came as victorious side and formed a new government might be regarded as greatest political moment in democracy history. It might be believed that British politics reached that level of maturity after endured process of democratisation post the Second World War and decolonisation in what Huntington in 1991 characterised as second wave of democracy.
In an interview with Palagummi Sainath an Indian development journalist, I found it was intriguing when he argues that democracy is built up on enslavement system, which he refers to Plato and Aristotle whilst introduced the system denied slave, women and foreign residents of taking part. British Empire introducing democracy whilst colonising India for more than 100 years, and incredibly used approximately 1.3 million Indian soldier to serve in First World War under the slogan to fight tyranny and depression!
The idea of democracy sequencing has gained popular adaption in 1990, built of 2 preconditions: state-building and liberal constitutionalism or rule of law. This idea has been heavily criticised in our key reading material by Thomas Carothers. Carothers (2007, p.14-15) argues that only few autocrats are enlightened and committed to democracy reforms and respect rule of law, while more others posing as reformers, leader for whom “the rule of law represents a straitjacket to be avoided at all cost”.
Democracy is widely recognised political system in the world, perhaps that it is one accepted system in modern world, but it practical realisation is the subject of ongoing debate. Iran for instance has been claiming of it electoral process is truely democratic, nevertheless the West rebuffed instead labelled Iran leadership as autocratic.
The western democratisation is heavily criticised of being pursue western’s political agenda. While the outcome of the process remain in contest, it is suggested that the West usually leave developing state struggling to set their own foot track on their own choice of democratic process. Taking Iraq, Egypt and Palestine as example. This sort of external support for democratisation is offered conditionally and irrevocably therefore any failure would instill unceasing damage.